So I just finished watching "I, Robot"-which is based on the book by Issac Asimov-for about the billionth time, and now the terms "space age", "robot-y", and "robots are scary" come to mind. I found a ton of editorials and things focusing on everything that I was thinking of (even the "robots are scary" part, but I decided to save that one for tomorrow so you wouldn't be overwhelmed by all the pictures).
(These first four pictures remind me of Marina Diamandis from Marina and the Diamonds)
Photo credits to Trend Hunter. The last 5 pictures came up in a Google search with the term "space age fashion".